Click on Your Flyway
Bird Migration Routes
From the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Many North American birds come to the far northern regions of the continent in summer to reproduce and raise their young. Long summer days in the north produce an abundance of insects and plants for birds and their young to eat. Because this food is not available during cold, winter months, many birds migrate south to forage in warmer climates.
These birds follow migratory routes, called flyways, between their northern breeding grounds and southern wintering areas. There are four major flyways in North America: the Pacific, Central, Mississippi and Atlantic Flyway.
Flyways are the routes that shorebirds use when they migrate each year. How many flyways are there? Where are they? What are some of the shorebird species that use each flyway? This section provides information on flyways and why they are important to shorebirds.